A specialized laser camera photographs your retina to diagnose macular holes that are too small to be seen in an examination.

Diagnosis of a Macular Hole

How will my ophthalmologist find a Macular Hole?

The best test for making a macular hole diagnosis is optical coherence tomography (OCT). Your eye care professional uses a specialized laser camera to photograph your retina. This camera also measures the thickness of the retina and is very sensitive at detecting swelling and fluid. OCT can also diagnose macular holes that are too small to be seen in an examination or with fluorescein angiography.

But the first step in diagnosis will likely be a dilated eye exam, during which your ophthalmologist can look at your retina. Your eye care specialist may also perform a test called fluorescein angiography that uses dye to illuminate areas of the retina.

Photo Credit: National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health